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Estimating Mortality Rates for the US Homeless Population Figure

Estimating Mortality Rates for the US Homeless Population


While low socioeconomic status is well known to be associated with heightened mortality risk, little is known about the mortality rate of the most disadvantaged segment of the US population, people experiencing homelessness. In Life and Death at the Margins of Society: The Mortality of the US Homeless Population (NBER Working Paper 31843), Bruce D. MeyerAngela Wyse, and Ilina Logani illustrate the stark health disparities associated with homelessness.

The researchers follow 140,000 people recorded as sheltered and unsheltered homeless during the 2010 Census through 2022, tracking all-cause mortality using administrative data from the Social Security Administration (SSA). They compare homeless individuals’ mortality risk to that of a representative...

From the NBER Bulletin on Retirement and Disability

Social Security and Retirement around the World

Social Security and Retirement around the World


Over the past 25 years, labor force participation at older ages has increased dramatically. In the 12 countries that are part of the NBER’s International Social Security (ISS) project, participation among those aged 60 to 64 has risen by an average of over 20 percentage points for men and over 25 percentage points for women.

In The Effects of Reforms on Retirement Behavior: Introduction and Summary (NBER Working Paper 31979), authors Axel Börsch-Supan and Courtney Coile report on the most recent work of the ISS project. The current analysis builds on previous project phases which showed that changes in health and education could…

From the NBER Reporter: Research, program, and conference summaries


Lasting Effects of Segregation on Political Behavior and Economic Opportunity


Segregation based on race and income is a defining feature of cities and schools across the United States. While Black Americans make up less than 14 percent of the overall population, the typical Black child lives in a neighborhood where Black families make up the majority of residents and attends a school where at least half their peers are also Black. These neighborhoods and schools also tend to have relatively high rates of poverty.

Theory posits that segregation in terms of neighborhoods and schools plays important roles in understanding poverty for disadvantaged Black communities. This segregation may also shape the development of White residents’ attitudes, behaviors, and outcomes...

From the NBER Bulletin on Health

Broadband Internet Access Improves Health Outcomes for Medicare Patients Primary tabs

Broadband Internet Access Improves Health Outcomes for Medicare Patients


Access to a high-speed internet connection provides patients with a low-cost means of collecting information related to medical decisions and the quality of medical care providers. In Broadband Internet Access and Health Outcomes: Patient and Provider Responses in Medicare (NBER Working Paper 31579), Jessica Van Parys and Zach Y. Brown link information on broadband availability by ZIP code from the Federal Communications Commission to Medicare claims data from 1999 to 2008. They analyze the effect of high-speed internet access on health outcomes and provider choices for Medicare beneficiaries who are undergoing common procedures.

From the NBER Bulletin on Entrepreneurship

C-Suite Differences: Public versus Privately Held Firms figure

C-Suite Differences: Public versus Privately Held Firms


Private equity (PE) firms’ business model is to acquire privately held companies, to change their strategy and operations with the goal of improving profitability and growth, and ultimately to sell the companies for a profit. The senior management team is replaced at a majority of private equity acquisitions. More than 40 percent of PE firms report that this is a key way to improve their acquisitions’ success.

In The Market for CEOs: Evidence from Private Equity (NBER Working Paper 30899), Paul Gompers, Steven Kaplan, and Vladimir Mukharlyamov compare the characteristics of CEOs installed by PE firms to the characteristics of those who become...

Featured Working Papers

All else equal, the observed increase in the spatial dispersion of wages in the US would have increased internal migration in 1990-2013, because migrants are increasingly responsive to earnings levels, but this positive effect on migration was more than offset by rising housing cost disparities that impede internal mobility, William W. Olney and Owen Thompson find.

An increase in access to charter schools in 12 districts in Florida is associated with modest improvement in reading and a decline in absenteeism among students remaining in traditional public schools, David N. FiglioCassandra HartKrzysztof Karbownik find.

Surrogate decision-makers for older adults were much less likely to recommend life-sustaining treatments for patients with dementia, and more likely to ignore patient preferences for life-extending treatment for these patients, a survey conducted by Lauren Hersch NicholasKenneth M. LangaScott D. Halpern, and Mario Macis shows.

The US Secure Communities program, which expanded interior enforcement against unauthorized immigrants, reduced the likelihood that Hispanic victims reported crimes to police and increased the victimization of Hispanics, but did not affect total reported crimes, according to research by Felipe M. GonçalvesElisa Jácome, and Emily K. Weisburst.

An increase in the unemployment rate equal to that during the Great Recession reduces the average, annual, age-adjusted mortality rate in the US by 2.3 percent.  The effects persist for at least 10 years and are particularly evident for those with a high school degree or less, according to Amy FinkelsteinMatthew J. NotowidigdoFrank Schilbach, and Jonathan Zhang.

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Books & Chapters

Through a partnership with the University of Chicago Press, the NBER publishes the proceedings of four annual conferences as well as other research studies associated with NBER-based research projects.

Research Spotlights

NBER researchers discuss their work on subjects of wide interest to economists, policymakers, and the general public. Recordings of more-detailed presentations, keynote addresses, and panel discussions at NBER conferences are available on the Lectures page.

Research Spotlight
An investigation of the role of anonymity in online communication and social media posting.    ...
Research Spotlight
In recognition of Black History Month, Research Associate Conrad Miller of the University of California, Berkeley,...
Research Spotlight
In recognition of Black History Month, Research Associate Trevon Logan of The Ohio State University, who directs the...
Research Spotlight
A growing fraction of US medical care is delivered through integrated healthcare systems that include many medical...
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