NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
loading...

Resources, Conflict, and Economic Development in Africa

Achyuta Adhvaryu, James E. Fenske, Gaurav Khanna, Anant Nyshadham

NBER Working Paper No. 24309
Issued in February 2018
NBER Program(s):Development Economics Program

Natural resources have driven both growth and conflict in modern Africa. We model the interaction of parties engaged in potential conflict over such resources. The likelihood of conflict depends on both the absolute and relative resource endowments of the parties. Resources fuel conflict by raising the gains from expropriation and by increasing fighting strength. Economic prosperity, as a result, is a function of equilibrium conflict prevalence determined not just by a region's own resources but also by the resources of its neighbors. Using high-resolution spatial data on resources, conflicts, and nighttime illumination across the whole of sub-Saharan Africa, we find evidence confirming each of the model's predictions. Structural estimates of the model reveal that conflict equilibria are more prevalent where institutional quality (measured by, e.g., risk of expropriation, property rights, voice and accountability) is worse.

download in pdf format
   (727 K)

email paper

Machine-readable bibliographic record - MARC, RIS, BibTeX

Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w24309

Users who downloaded this paper also downloaded* these:
Rogerson and Wallenius w24263 Household Time Use Among Older Couples: Evidence and Implications for Labor Supply Parameters
Eggertsson, Robbins, and Wold w24287 Kaldor and Piketty’s Facts: The Rise of Monopoly Power in the United States
Hackmann w24133 Incentivizing Better Quality of Care: The Role of Medicaid and Competition in the Nursing Home Industry
Moscona, Nunn, and Robinson w24209 Kinship and Conflict: Evidence from Segmentary Lineage Societies in Sub-Saharan Africa
Haltiwanger, Kulick, and Syverson w24199 Misallocation Measures: The Distortion That Ate the Residual
 
Publications
Activities
Meetings
NBER Videos
Themes
Data
People
About

National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02138; 617-868-3900; email: info@nber.org

Contact Us