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The NBER Board of Directors appointed 54 research associates, all of whom were promoted from faculty research fellow status, at the board’s September 2023 meeting. Research associates must be tenured faculty members at North American colleges or universities; their appointments are recommended to the board by directors of the NBER’s 20 research programs, typically after consultation with a steering committee of leading scholars. The new research associates are affiliated...
Esther George, William M. Lewis, Jr., and Laurence C. Morse were elected as at-large members of the NBER Board of Directors at the board’s meeting on September 11 2023.
Esther George, William M. Lewis Jr., and Laurence C. Morse were elected members at large of the NBER Board of Directors at the board’s September 11 meeting.  George is the past president and CEO of the Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City. For nearly 12 years she led the bank's staff of more than 2,000 employees, overseeing supervision of financial institutions and provision of payment and financial services to depository institutions. She played a key...
Peter Blair Henry Elected Chair of NBER Board Directors; Karen Mills Elected Vice Chair
Peter Blair Henry was elected chair of the NBER’s Board of Directors and Karen Mills was elected vice chair at the board’s September 11 meeting. Henry's research in international macroeconomics overturned conventional wisdom on debt relief, international capital flows, and the role of institutions in economic growth. He is the Class of 1984 Senior Fellow at Stanford University’s Hoover Institution, a senior fellow at Stanford’s Freeman Spogli Institute for International...
 Jessica Goldberg, Claudia Goldin, and Claudia Olivetti Gender in the Economy CoDirectors
The NBER has launched a Working Group on Gender in the Economy to provide a venue for research on the role of women in the economies of both developed and developing nations. The Working Group will take a broad approach to analyzing gender-related disparities in economic outcomes, and in studying how limited access to education, labor market opportuities, formal financial services, along with disempowering social norms and gender-biased laws and institutions, can create...
Risks in Agricultural Supply Chains
Pol Antràs and David Zilberman, editors Climate change and the recent COVID-19 pandemic have exposed the vulnerability of global agricultural supply and value chains. There is a growing awareness of the importance of interactions within and between these supply chains for understanding the performance of agricultural markets.  Risks in Agricultural Supply Chains presents a collection of research studies that develop conceptual models and empirical...

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    Evaluating the Effect of Deferred Student Loan Repayments
    A pandemic-driven debt relief measure freezing student loan repayments provided a large stimulus to the economy while raising long-term debt burdens, according to a study by Michael Dinerstein, Constantine Yannelis, and Ching-Tse Chen. Their findings, in Debt Moratoria: Evidence from Student Loan Forbearance (NBER Working Paper 31247), are based on comparison of financial outcomes of borrowers who were eligible for the repayment deferral and...
    blue laws
    A sharp increase in “deaths of despair” — deaths from poisonings, suicides, and alcoholic liver disease — occurred in the US in the early 2000s, but the initial rise began a decade earlier for middle-aged Whites. These developments are studied in Opiates of the Masses? Deaths of Despair and the Decline of American Religion (NBER Working Paper 30840). In this paper, Tyler Giles, Daniel M. Hungerman, and Tamar Oostrom examine the relationship between the increase in such...
    This figure is a vertical bar titled, Citations of Papers with and without China-born Authors. The y-axis represents a numeral value for Citescore and number of citations, ranging from 0 to 20, increasing in increments of 5.  On the x-axis, there are two labels: CiteScore and 3-year Citations. Each label has 2 corresponding bars: 2018 US-addressed papers with China-born coauthors (on the left) and 2018 US-addressed papers without China-born coauthors (on the right). These bars are placed side by side. For
    Since 2000, large numbers of Chinese citizens have spent time in the United States as students or researchers. In the 2018–19 academic year, slightly more than 35 percent of the roughly 1.1 million international students and researchers in the US were from China. Although some remained in the US, many went back to China. In Creating and Connecting US and China Science: Chinese Diaspora and Returnee Researchers (NBER Working Paper 31306), Qingnan Xie...
    This figure is a bar graph titled, Changes in Standardized Test Pass Rates, 2019 to 2022. It is subtitled, Each bar represents a bin of districts within the relevant 20 quantiles of change between 2019 and 2021.  The y axis is labeled percentage points and ranges from negative 40 to positive 20, increasing in increments of 10.  The graph is divided into two panels. The left panel is labeled English language arts and the right side is labeled Math. There are two categories of bars for each side: 2019 to 2021
    Test scores at the end of the 2020–21 school year revealed dramatic declines in student performance during the COVID-19 pandemic. In a data sample including schools from 21 states, only a fraction of those losses — 20 percent in English language arts and 37 percent in math — were recovered by the end of the next school year. Those nationwide averages mask wide variations in student performance among individual states, according to Post COVID-19 Test Score...
    Dallas Initiatives Centered on Teacher Pay Show Strong Results figure
    Over the last decade, the Dallas Independent School District (ISD) has dramatically changed how it sets salaries. Jettisoning a typical pay scale tied to years of experience and academic credentials, Dallas began compensating educators based on a rigorous evaluation system. The result, according to two recent, related studies, is a marked improvement in student achievement. In The Effects of Comprehensive Educator Evaluation and Pay Reform on Achievement (NBER Working...

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In addition to working papers, the NBER disseminates affiliates’ latest findings through a range of free periodicals — the NBER Reporter, the NBER Digest, the Bulletin on Retirement and Disability, the Bulletin on Health, and the Bulletin on Entrepreneurship — as well as online conference reports, video lectures, and interviews.

15th Annual Feldstein Lecture, Mario Draghi, "The Next Flight of the Bumblebee: The Path to Common Fiscal Policy in the Eurozone cover slide
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Dr. Mario Draghi, who served as President of the European Central Bank and Prime Minister of Italy, presented the 2023...
2023 Methods Lectures, Jesse Shapiro and Liyang (Sophie) Sun, "Linear Panel Event Studies" Primary tabs
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Overview: Linear panel event studies are increasingly used to estimate and plot causal effects of changes in policies...
2023, SI Economics of Social Security, Panel Discussion, "Long-Term Dynamics of the Employment-to-Population Ratio" Primary tabs
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Supported by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, the National Science Foundation, and the Lynde and Harry Bradley...

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