The Credit Supply Channel of Monetary Policy Tightening and its Distributional Impacts
This paper studies how tightening monetary policy transmits to the economy through the mortgage market and sheds new light on the distributional consequences at both individual and regional levels. We find that credit supply factors, specifically restrictions on the debt-to-income (DTI) ratio, account for most of the decline in mortgages. These effects are even more pronounced for minority and middle-income borrowers, who find themselves excluded from the credit market. Additionally, regions with historically high DTI ratios exhibit greater reductions in mortgage originations, house prices, and consumption.