Immigration and Work Schedules: Theory and Evidence
We develop a theoretical framework to analyze the effects of immigration on native job amenities, focusing on work schedules. Immigrants have a comparative advantage in production at, and lower disamenity cost for nighttime work, which leads them to disproportionately choose nighttime employment. Because day and night tasks are imperfect substitutes, the relative price of day tasks increases as their supply becomes relatively more scarce. We provide empirical support for our theory. Native workers in local labor markets that experienced higher rates of immigration are more likely to work day shifts and receive a lower compensating differential for nighttime work.
We thank seminar and conference participants at the University of Pittsburgh, the Oxford Workshop on Trade and Health, the Royal Economic Society Annual Meetings, the Society of Labor Economists Meetings, and the European Association of Labour Economists. The views expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Bureau of Economic Research.
Timothy N. Bond & Osea Giuntella & Jakub Lonsky, 2022. "Immigration and work schedules: Theory and evidence," European Economic Review, .