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Minding Your Ps and Qs: Going from Micro to Macro in Measuring Prices and Quantities

Gabriel Ehrlich, John C. Haltiwanger, Ron S. Jarmin, David Johnson, Matthew D. Shapiro

NBER Working Paper No. 25465
Issued in January 2019
NBER Program(s):Economic Fluctuations and Growth, Monetary Economics, Productivity, Innovation, and Entrepreneurship

Key macro indicators such as output, productivity, and inflation are based on a complex system across multiple statistical agencies using different samples and different levels of aggregation. The Census Bureau collects nominal sales, the Bureau of Labor Statistics collects prices, and the Bureau of Economic Analysis constructs nominal and real GDP using these data and other sources. The price and quantity data are integrated at a high level of aggregation. This paper explores alternative methods for re-engineering key national output and price indices using item-level data. Such re-engineering offers the promise of greatly improved key economic indicators along many dimensions.

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Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w25465

Published: Gabriel Ehrlich & John Haltiwanger & Ron Jarmin & David Johnson & Matthew D. Shapiro, 2019. "Minding Your Ps and Qs: Going from Micro to Macro in Measuring Prices and Quantities," AEA Papers and Proceedings, vol 109, pages 438-443. citation courtesy of

 
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