Flexible Prices and Leverage
The frequency with which firms adjust output prices helps explain persistent differences in capital structure across firms. Unconditionally, the most flexible-price firms have a 19% higher long-term leverage ratio than the most sticky-price firms, controlling for known determinants of capital structure. Sticky-price firms increased leverage more than flexible-price firms following the staggered implementation of the Interstate Banking and Branching Efficiency Act across states and over time, which we use in a difference-in-differences strategy. Firms' frequency of price adjustment did not change around the deregulation.
Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w23066
Published: Francesco D’Acunto & Ryan Liu & Carolin Pflueger & Michael Weber, 2018. "Flexible prices and leverage," Journal of Financial Economics, . citation courtesy of
Users who downloaded this paper also downloaded* these: