Neighborhoods and Academic Achievement: Results from the Moving to Opportunity Experiment
Families originally living in public housing were assigned housing vouchers by lottery, encouraging moves to neighborhoods with lower poverty rates. Although we had hypothesized that reading and math test scores would be higher among children in families offered vouchers (with larger effects among younger children), the results show no significant effects on test scores for any age group among over 5000 children ages 6 to 20 in 2002 who were assessed four to seven years after randomization. Program impacts on school environments were considerably smaller than impacts on neighborhoods, suggesting that achievement-related benefits from improved neighborhood environments are alone small.
- The results of this very large scale experiment indicate no evidence of improvement in reading scores, math scores, behavior problems, or...
Revised and published in the Journal of Human Resources, 41:4 (Fall 2006), 649-691. citation courtesy of