Prescription Drugs, Medical Care, and Health Outcomes: A Model of Elderly Health Dynamics
There is much debate about whether the Medicare Prescription Drug Bill -- the greatest expansion of Medicare benefits since its creation in 1965 -- will improve the health of elderly Americans, and how much it will cost. We model how insurance affects medical care utilization, and subsequently, health outcomes over time in a dynamic model with correlated errors. Longitudinal individual-level data from the 1992-1998 Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey provide estimates of these effects. Simulations over five years show that expanding prescription drug coverage would increase drug expenditures by between 12% and 17%. However, other health care expenditures would only increase slightly, and the mortality rate would improve.
Yang, Zhou, Donna Gilleskie, and Edward Norton. “Health Insurance, Medical Care, and Health Outcomes: A Model of Elderly Health Dynamics.” Journal of Human Resources 44, 1 (2009): 47-114.