NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
loading...

Does Decentralization Facilitate Access to Poverty-Related Services? Evidence from Benin

Emilie Caldeira, Martial Foucault, Grégoire Rota-Graziosi

Chapter in NBER book African Successes, Volume I: Government and Institutions (2016), Sebastian Edwards, Simon Johnson, and David N. Weil, editors (p. 57 - 102)
Published in September 2016 by University of Chicago Press
© 2016 by the National Bureau of Economic Research
in Research on Africa

We study the effect of decentralization on the access to some poverty-related public services in Benin. Compiling panel data from local governments' accounts and from surveys on 18,000 Beninese households performed in 2006 and 2007, our study suggests that decentralization has a positive overall effect on access to basic services. However, this effect appears to be nonmonotone following an inverted U-shaped curve. It varies according to local jurisdictions' wealth and to the nature of basic services. Decentralization in Benin contributes positively to the reduction of poverty by improving the average access to poverty-related services. However, the devil is in the details, as decentralization seems to increase inequality among local governments in terms of access. Another result relying on the success of decentralization in Benin is the prioritization of basic services, which differs among local governments according to their wealth. While the poorest jurisdictions neglect primary education, focusing more on access to drinking water, the richest ones get less attention to sewage services, since these are already provided at a sufficiently high level.

download in pdf format
   (3288 K)

email paper

Machine-readable bibliographic record - MARC, RIS, BibTeX

This chapter first appeared as NBER working paper w18118, Does Decentralization Facilitate Access to Poverty-Related Services? Evidence from Benin, Emilie Caldeira, Martial Foucault, Grégoire Rota-Graziosi
Users who downloaded this chapter also downloaded* these:
Caldeira, Foucault, and Rota-Graziosi w18118 Does Decentralization Facilitate Access to Poverty-Related Services? Evidence from Benin
La Porta and Shleifer The Unofficial Economy in Africa
Rainer and Trebbi New Tools for the Analysis of Political Power in Africa
Casey, Glennerster, and Miguel Healing the Wounds: Learning from Sierra Leone's Postwar Institutional Reforms
Edwards Is Tanzania a Success Story? A Long-Term Analysis
 
Publications
Activities
Meetings
NBER Videos
Themes
Data
People
About

National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02138; 617-868-3900; email: info@nber.org

Contact Us