Gender in the Economy
Women play diverse and critical roles in the economies of both developing and developed nations. Yet, they often remain severely constrained from realizing their full personal and economic potential as a result of insufficient access to formal financial services, work, and education, disempowering social norms, and gender-biased laws and institutions. New theoretical and empirical research describing these various constraints and evaluating promising interventions to remove them or empower women to overcome them is emerging. However, the research among economists on these topics is often siloed in different sub-fields of economics and there are few venues for explicitly anchoring research discussions on the topics of women and gender issues more generally.
To promote research on the role of gender in both developing and developed economies, NBER, with the support of the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, has formed a Study Group on Gender in the Economy. This initiative will bring together researchers from different fields of economics who are working on these topics to share and discuss current research findings. By connecting the gender issues of today in the developed world to their historical evolution and to their counterparts in the developing world, the Study Group aims to understand the evolution of gender differences across varying “states of the world” and to identify promising directions for future research.