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2022-23 Fellows

Amy Burnett Cross
Amy Burnett Cross, American University

Amy Burnett Cross plans research with the potential to advance knowledge about how military policy affects labor market outcomes for women. Her central hypothesis is that U.S. military policies regarding women and families influence gender gaps in civilian work. First, she will evaluate the impact of lifting the ban on women in combat (in 2013) on veteran occupational desegregation. Second, she will measure the extent to which gender desegregation of the Army (in 1977) signaled a shift in the appropriate role of women in the civilian labor force. Cross' research aims to provide evidence that policy can change social norms.

Lisa Ho
Lisa Ho , Massachusetts, Institute of Technology

Lisa Ho, together with her co-authors, is conducting a randomized experiment in Kolkata, India to address two research questions: (1) How valuable are job attributes such as flexibility in location, hours, and multitasking in increasing female labor force participation?, and (2) What are the impacts on women of starting part-time, at-home work, and to what degree can this work act as a stepping stone to full-time or outside-the-home employment? The research design offers an array of short-term, internet-mediated jobs and estimates the impact of flexible job attributes on women’s labor supply. Next, the jobs are implemented and effects on the household, including those related to household roles and future work, are assessed.

Dev Patel
Dev Patel, Harvard University

Dev Patel will make progress on two projects studying the roots of gender inequality. In the first, he uses a natural experiment in India to examine the interplay between gender norms and the institutions underpinning them. Studying the dynamic impact of a historical shock to economic institutions on women’s outcomes, Patel asks the extent to which more equitable norms can persist in the absence of the original formal structures. In the second, he studies the contribution of marriage markets to the gender pay gap to quantify the role of intra-household couple inequity in explaining disparities in the workplace.

2021-22 Fellows

Nina Buchmann
Nina Buchmann, Stanford University

Nina Buchmann plans to study the psychological and social determinants of spousal abuse in Bangladesh. She has designed a novel experiment to distinguish deterrence from punishment motives, to measure the importance of reputation in men’s decisions to abuse their partners, and to learn how these motives vary with income. Understanding the motivations for spousal violence can improve the design of programs to prevent it, an especially important motive in a setting where half of married women are the victims of physical or sexual violence at some point during their lives. Buchmann is also collaborating with BRAC to study the impacts of a new intervention to reduce gender-based violence.

Valerie Michelman
Valerie Michelman, University of Chicago

Valerie Michelman (University of Chicago) will make progress towards two projects during her fellowship. In the first (coauthored with Lucy Msall), she examines the impact of FDA regulations against including women of childbearing potential in early-stage clinical trials from 1977 to 1993. Using a model of firm decisions under different FDA policy regimes, Michelman shows that this prohibition increases the cost of developing drugs targeting women, thus reducing the development of drugs with a high expected female market share.  In a second project, Michelman exploits two forms of equal pay policies for teachers introduced in the 1900s in order to distinguish between gender-specific pay differences and occupational sorting in the gender wage gap for teachers.

Francesca Truffa
Francesca Truffa, Northwestern University

Francesco Truffa (Northwestern University) plans to collaborate with classmate Ashley Wong on several projects that will measure the impact of female peers on economic and entrepreneurial outcomes in both developing and developed countries. One project, with additional co-author Menaka Hampole, will estimate the effect of female MBA classmates on the probability that women attain senior managerial positions in the decade following graduation. A second will examine how the shift from male-only student bodies to co-education affected the type of research produced by US universities. A third project, with additional collaborators Edward Asiedu and Monica Lambon-Quayefio, will use a randomized controlled trial to study the impact of professional networks on female entrepreneurs in Ghana.

Ashley Wong
Ashley Wong, Northwestern University

Ashley Wong, in joint work with Francesca Truffa, is investigating the impact of female peers on economic and entrepreneurial outcomes in both developing and developing countries.