Work Environment and Individual Background: Explaining Regional Shirking Differentials in a Large Italian Firm
The prevalence of shirking within a large Italian bank appears to be characterized by significant regional differentials. In particular, absenteeism and misconduct episodes are substantially more prevalent in the south. We consider a number of potential explanations for this fact: different individual backgrounds; group-interaction effects; sorting of workers across regions; differences in local attributes; different hiring policies and discrimination against southern workers. Our analysis suggests that individual backgrounds, group-interaction effects and sorting effects contribute to explain the north-south shirking differential. None of the other explanations appears to be of first-order importance.
Ichino, Andrea and Giovanni Maggi. "Work Environment And Individual Background: Explaining Regional Shirking Differentials In A Large Italian Firm," Quarterly Journal of Economics, 2000, v115(3,Aug), 1057-1090. citation courtesy of