Central Bank Credibility and Fiscal Responsibility
We consider a New Keynesian model with strategic monetary and fiscal interactions. The fiscal authority maximizes social welfare. Monetary policy is delegated to a central bank with an anti-inflation bias that suffers from a lack of commitment. The impact of central bank hawkishness on debt issuance is non-monotonic because increased hawkishness reduces the benefit from fiscal stimulus while simultaneously increasing real debt capacity. Starting from high levels of hawkishness (dovishness), a marginal increase in the central bank's anti-inflation bias decreases (increases) debt issuance.
For helpful comments, we are grateful to Hassan Afrouzi, Jeff Frieden, and Ken Rogoff. The views expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Bureau of Economic Research.