Implications of Stochastic Transmission Rates for Managing Pandemic Risks
The reproduction number R0 plays an outsized role in COVID-19 risk management. But it is an insufficient statistic, particularly for financial risks, because transmissions are stochastic due to environmental factors. We introduce aggregate transmission shocks into a widely-used epidemic model and link firm valuation to epidemic data by using an asset-pricing framework that accounts for potential vaccines. Pooling early data, we estimate a large R0 and transmission volatility. R0 mismeasures social-distancing benefits because it gives a poor approximation of conditional infection forecasts. R0 mismeasures financial risks since transmission volatility and vaccine news also determine firm-value damage.
Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w27218