On the Equivalence of Private and Public Money
We develop a generic model of money and liquidity that identifies sources of liquidity bubbles and seignorage rents. We provide sufficient conditions under which a swap of monies leaves the equilibrium allocation and price system unchanged. We apply the equivalence result to the "Chicago Plan,'' cryptocurrencies, the Indian de-monetization experiment, and Central Bank Digital Currency (CBDC). In particular, we show why CBDC need not undermine financial stability.
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Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w25877
Published: Markus K. Brunnermeier & Dirk Niepelt, 2019. "On the Equivalence of Private and Public Money," Journal of Monetary Economics, . citation courtesy of