Schooling, Wealth, Risky Sexual Behavior, and HIV/AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa
Economic growth and development have improved human health in many regions, while sub-Saharan Africa continues to lag behind. Economic theory and the existing empirical evidence suggest that development may not generate large reductions in the leading cause of adult mortality in the region, HIV/AIDS, and may increase risky sexual behavior. We examine the association between schooling/material standard of living and HIV risk using data from more than 500,000 respondents in 32 sub-Saharan African countries. The results of our descriptive analysis suggest that the rapid increase in primary school completion without improvements in living standards or secondary school completion might not mitigate HIV transmission.
We thank seminar participants at the Population Association of America 2017 Annual Meeting and Alden Boetsch for many excellent comments. The PopPov Research Network and the Population Reference Bureau provided generous financial support. The findings, interpretations, and conclusions expressed in this paper are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the views of the aforementioned individuals or agencies, nor those of the National Bureau of Economic Research. The authors declare that they have no relevant or material financial interests that relate to the research described in this paper.
Adrienne M. Lucas & Nicholas L. Wilson, 2019. "Schooling, Wealth, Risky Sexual Behaviour, and HIV/AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 55(10), pages 2177-2192, October. citation courtesy of