NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
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The Effects of Sexism on American Women: The Role of Norms vs. Discrimination

Kerwin Kofi Charles, Jonathan Guryan, Jessica Pan

NBER Working Paper No. 24904
Issued in August 2018
NBER Program(s):Labor Studies

We study how reported sexism in the population affects American women. Fixed-effects and TSLS estimates show that higher prevailing sexism where she was born (background sexism) and where she currently lives (residential sexism) both lower a woman's wages, labor force participation and ages of marriage and childbearing. We argue that background sexism affects outcomes through the influence of previously-encountered norms, and that estimated associations regarding specific percentiles and male versus female sexism suggest that residential sexism affects labor market outcomes through prejudice-based discrimination by men, and non-labor market outcomes through the influence of current norms of other women.

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Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w24904

 
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