When Work Moves: Job Suburbanization and Black Employment
This paper examines whether job suburbanization caused declines in black employment rates from 1970 to 2000. I find that black workers are less likely than white workers to work in observably similar jobs that are located further from the central city. Using evidence from establishment relocations, I find that this relationship at least in part reflects the causal effect of job location. At the local labor market level, I find that job suburbanization is associated with substantial declines in black employment rates relative to white employment rates. Evidence from nationally planned highway infrastructure corroborates a causal interpretation.
Conrad Miller, 2023. "When Work Moves: Job Suburbanization and Black Employment," Review of Economics and Statistics, vol 105(5), pages 1055-1072.