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How Merchant Towns Shaped Parliaments: From the Norman Conquest of England to the Great Reform Act

Charles Angelucci, Simone Meraglia, Nico Voigtländer

NBER Working Paper No. 23606
Issued in July 2017, Revised in February 2020

---- Acknowledgments ----

This paper was previously circulated under the title “The Medieval Roots of Inclusive Institutions: From the Norman Conquest of England to the Great Reform Act.” We would like to thank Daron Acemoglu, Sascha Becker, Alberto Bisin, Ernesto dal Bo, James Fenske, Ed Glaeser, Martin Fiszbein, Bob Gibbons, Jonas Hjort, Saumitra Jha, Sukhun Kang, Horacio Larreguy, Nathan Nunn, Alessandro Lizzeri, Nicola Persico, Patrick Rey, Shanker Satyanath, Andrei Shleifer, Ennio Stacchetti, David Stasavage, Jean Tirole, Felipe Valencia, Joachim Voth, John Wallis, and Noam Yuchtman, as well as seminar audiences at Brown, Columbia, EEA-ESEM 2017, Frankfurt, Harvard (Economics), Harvard (Government), MIT Sloan, the NBER Summer Institute (POL/EFBGZ), the NBER OE workshop, Northwestern Kellogg, NYU PoliSci, NYU Stern, PSE, Queen Mary, SIOE 2017, UCLA, Warwick, and Yale for helpful comments and suggestions. Patrick Kennedy provided outstanding research assistance; we thank Andrea Matranga for help with the FAO data and Ondre Padgett for help with the Civil War data. Corresponding author: Nico Voigtländer (nico.v@ucla.edu) The views expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Bureau of Economic Research.

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