The Macrogenoeconomics of Comparative Development
The importance of evolutionary forces for comparative economic performance across societies has been the focus of a vibrant literature, highlighting the roles played by the Neolithic Revolution and the prehistoric “out of Africa” migration of anatomically modern humans in generating worldwide variations in the composition of human traits. This essay provides an overview of the literature on the macrogenoeconomics of comparative development, underscoring the significance of evolutionary processes and of human population diversity in generating differential paths of economic development across societies. Furthermore, it examines the contribution of a recent hypothesis set forth by Nicholas Wade, regarding the evolutionary origins of comparative development, to this important line of research.
We are grateful to Omer Moav, Ömer Özak, and especially the editor, Steven Durlauf, for helpful comments. Greg Casey and Matthew Jang provided superlative research assistance. Ashraf acknowledges research support from the NSF (SES‐1338738), the Hellman Fellows Program, and the Oakley Center for Humanities and Social Sciences at Williams College. Galor acknowledges research support from the NSF (SES‐1338426) and the Population Studies and Training Center (PSTC) at Brown University. The PSTC receives core support from the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (5R24HD041020). We are responsible for any errors. The views expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Bureau of Economic Research.
Quamrul H. Ashraf & Oded Galor, 2018. "The Macrogenoeconomics of Comparative Development," Journal of Economic Literature, vol 56(3), pages 1119-1155. citation courtesy of