The Requirements of Jobs: Evidence from a Nationally Representative Survey
The Occupational Requirements Survey (ORS) is a new survey at the Bureau of Labor Statistics which collects data on the educational, cognitive, and physical requirements of jobs, as well as the environmental conditions in which the work is performed. Using pre-production data, we provide estimates of a subset of elements by broad industry and occupation and examine the relationship between the cognitive elements and measures of education and training. We exploit the overlap between ORS and the National Compensation Survey to estimate models of the returns to different occupational requirements. Finally, we examine the relationship between occupational requirements and occupational safety measures and outline potential research uses of the Occupational Requirements Survey.
Paper prepared for NBER/Conference on Research in Income and Wealth meeting on “Education, Skills, and Technical Change: Implications for Future U.S. GDP Growth”, October 16-17, 2015. The views expressed here are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the Bureau of Labor Statistics or any other agency of the U.S. Department of Labor. The authors thank Bradley Rhein and Kristin Smyth for technical assistance. The views expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Bureau of Economic Research.