Medicaid: A Review of the Literature
We review the existing literature about the effects of the Medicaid program. We first describe the program's structure and how it has changed over time. We then discuss findings on coverage, crowd out, take-up and health. Finally, we look at effects of the program on non-health outcomes such as welfare use and labor supply, marriage and fertility, and savings.
This chapter was prepared for the Edward Elgar Handbook in Law and Economics Federalism Volume. We thank Kitt Carpenter, Jonathan Klick and Lara Shore-Sheppard for helpful comments. The views expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Bureau of Economic Research.