Caution! Men Not at Work: Gender-Specific Labor Market Conditions and Child Maltreatment
This paper examines the effect of labor market conditions—measured through unemployment, mass layoffs and predicted employment—on child abuse and neglect using county-level data from California. Using these indicators we separately estimate the effects of overall and gender-specific economic shocks. We find only modest evidence of a link between overall economic conditions and child maltreatment. However, analysis by gender reveals robust evidence that maltreatment decreases with indicators for male employment and increases with indicators for female employment. These opposite-signed effects are consistent with a theoretical framework that builds on family-time-use models and is supported by analysis of time-use data.
Previously circulated as "Economic Conditions and Child Abuse." The authors thank Steven Haider, Hilary Hoynes, Magnus Lofstrom, Ron Oaxaca, Nick Sly, Gary Solon, Peter Siminski, Glen Waddell, Reed Walker, Sally Wallace, Wes Wilson, and Madeline Zavodny for valuable feedback, in addition to seminar participants at Arizona State University, Louisiana State University, Michigan State University, Texas A&M University, University of Oregon, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, and University of Wollongong and conference participants at the IZA's 5th Annual Meeting on the Economics of Risky Behaviors, the NBER Children's Program Meetings, and the China Meeting of the Econometric Society. The views expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Bureau of Economic Research.
Jason M. Lindo & Jessamyn Schaller & Benjamin Hansen, 2018. "Caution! Men not at work: Gender-specific labor market conditions and child maltreatment," Journal of Public Economics, . citation courtesy of