Financial Development in 205 Economies, 1960 to 2010
This paper describes our construction of the Global Financial Development Database and uses the data to compare financial systems around the world. The database provides information on financial systems in 205 economies over the period from 1960 to 2010 and includes measures of (1) size of financial institutions and markets (financial depth), (2) degree to which individuals and firms can and do use financial services (access), (3) efficiency of financial intermediaries and markets in intermediating resources and facilitating financial transactions (efficiency), and (4) stability of financial institutions and markets (stability).
The findings, interpretations, and conclusions in this paper are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the views of the World Bank, its Executive Directors, or the countries they represent. The paper benefited from comments by Thorsten Beck, Sergio Schmuckler, Roberto Rocha, Stijn Claessens, Augusto de la Torre, Norman Loayza, and Tunc Uyanik and participants several seminars. Amin Mohseni, Mauricio Pinzon Latorre, and Subika Farazi provided research assistance. Katie Kibuuka, Diego Sourrouille, Ed Al-Hussainy, Haocong Ren, and Andrea Coppola helped with compiling parts of the dataset. All remaining errors are those of the authors. The views expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Bureau of Economic Research.
Cihak, Martin & Demirguc-Kunt, Asli & Feyen, Erik & Levine, Ross, 2013. "Financial Development in 205 Economies, 1960 to 2010," Journal of Financial Perspectives, EY Global FS Institute, vol. 1(2), pages 17-36. citation courtesy of