School Competition and Teacher Labor Markets: Evidence from Charter School Entry in North Carolina
I analyze changes in teacher turnover, hiring, effectiveness, and salaries at traditional public schools after the opening of a nearby charter school. While I find small effects on turnover overall, difficult to staff schools (low-income, high-minority share) hired fewer new teachers and experienced small declines in teacher quality. I also find evidence of a demand side response where schools increased teacher compensation to better retain quality teachers. The results are robust across a variety of alternate specifications to account for non-random charter entry.
I would like to thank Kara Bonneau for help in obtaining data from the North Carolina Education Research Data Center, and David Figlio, Mark Steinmeyer, and Diane Schanzenbach for valuable comments. I am particularly grateful to James Cowan for excellent research assistance. Funding for this research was provided by the Smith Richardson Foundation. All errors are my own. The views expressed herein are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Bureau of Economic Research.
Jackson, C. Kirabo., School competition and teacher labor markets: Evidence from charter school entry in North Carolina, Journal of Public Economics, Volume 96, Issues 56, June 2012, Pages 431-448. citation courtesy of