Residential Rivalry and Constraints on the Availability of Child Labor
We consider the influence of household-based production on human capital investment. In data from rural Burkina Faso, we document a positive correlation between the presence of girls and enrollment that disappears in households that are able to send out or receive in children. We argue that the connection between education and the sex composition of co-resident children in households that are constrained in their ability to adjust child labor owes to residential rivalry, the idea that having a greater share of resident children with an advantage in household based production increases education by reducing the within-household equilibrium value of child time.
Akresh acknowledges the collaboration between Yale University and l'Institut Supérieur des Sciences de la Population of the University of Ouagadougou that aided the data collection. The fieldwork was funded by the National Science Foundation (Grant No. 0082840), Social Science Research Council, J. William Fulbright Fellowship, National Security Education Program, Institute for the Study of World Politics, and Yale Center for International and Area Studies. The views expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Bureau of Economic Research.