National Borders, Conflict and Peace
This paper reviews the economics approach to conflict and national borders. The paper provides a summary of ideas and concepts from the economics literature on the size of nations; illustrates them within an analytical framework where populations engage in conflict over borders and resources, and may form non-aggression pacts, military alliances, and political unions; and discusses extensions and directions for further research.
Prepared for the Oxford Handbook of the Economics of Conflict and Peace, edited by Michelle R. Garfinkel and Stergios Skaperdas. The views expressed herein are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Bureau of Economic Research.