Thirty Years of Currency Crises in Argentina: External Shocks or Domestic Fragility?
This paper examines Argentina's currency crises from 1970 to 2001, with particular attention to the role of domestic and external factors. Using VAR estimations, we find that deteriorating domestic fundamentals matter. For example, at the core of the late 1980s crises was excessively loose monetary policy while a sharp output contration triggered the collapse of the currency board in January 2002. In contrast, adverse external shocks were at the heart of the 1995 crisis, with spillovers from the Mexican crisis and high world interest rates being key sources of financial distress.
This paper was written for the Economía 18th Panel Meeting- LACEA, IMPA - Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, November 21, 2008. We thank Gastón Gelos, Roberto Rigobon, Federico Sturzenegger, Carlos Winograd, and participants at the Economia Meeting for helpful comments. The views expressed herein are those of the authors and should not be attributed to the IMF, its Executive Board, its management, or the National Bureau of Economic Research.
Graciela Kaminsky & Amine Mati & Nada Choueiri, 2009. "Thirty Years of Currency Crises in Argentina: External Shocks or Domestic Fragility?," ECONOMIA JOURNAL OF THE LATIN AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN ECONOMIC ASSOCIATION, ECONOMIA JOURNAL OF THE LATIN AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN ECONOMIC ASSOCIATION. citation courtesy of