The Wage Gap between Francophones and Anglophones: A Canadian Perspective, 1970 to 2000
The wage differential between Francophone and Anglophone men from 1970 to 2000 fell by 25 percentage points within Quebec, but only by 10 points Canada-wide, largely because the wages of Quebec Anglophones fell by 15 points relative to other Canadian Anglophones. Accordingly, the Canadian measure of the Francophone wage gap better reflects the changing welfare of Francophones than the Quebec measure. Over half of the reduction in the Canadian Francophone wage gap is explained by rising Francophone education levels. In Quebec, the declining number and relative wages of Anglophone workers is best explained by a falling demand for English-speaking labour.
I would like to thank Nicolas Béland, David Card, Allan Collard-Wexler, Nicole Fortin, Rob Gillezeau, Thomas Lemieux, Mary Mackinnon, Chris Minns, Suresh Naidu, Daniel Parent, Jacques Raynaud, Jean-Benoit Rousseau, Laine Ruus, François Vaillancourt, Bill Watson, Philippe Wingender, two anonymous referees, and seminar participants at UC Berkeley and McGill University for their help and advice. All mistakes are my own. Please send comments to firstname.lastname@example.org. The views expressed herein are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Bureau of Economic Research.
Albouy, David Y. "The Wage Gap between Francophones and Anglophones: A Canadian Perspective, 1970 to 2000" Canadian Journal of Economics, Vol. 41, No. 4, November 2008, pp. 1211-1238. citation courtesy of
David Albouy, 2008. "The wage gap between Francophones and Anglophones: a Canadian perspective, 1970–2000," Canadian Journal of Economics/Revue canadienne d'économique, vol 41(4), pages 1211-1238.