Retirement, Early Retirement, and Disability: Explaining Labor Force Participation after Fifty-Five in France

Luc Behaghel, Didier Blanchet, Muriel Roger

Chapter in NBER book Social Security Programs and Retirement Around the World: Disability Insurance Programs and Retirement (2016), David A. Wise, editor (p. 251 - 284)
Conference held September 26-28, 2013
Published in January 2016 by University of Chicago Press
© 2016 by the National Bureau of Economic Research
in NBER Book Series - International Social Security

We analyze the influence of health and financial incentives on the retirement behavior of older workers in France, building upon the Stock and Wise (1990) option value approach. The model accounts for three main retirement routes: normal retirement, disability insurance (DI), and unemployment/preretirement pathways, and is estimated with a combination of microeconomic datasets that include the French data of the European SHARE survey.

The estimates confirm that a decrease in the generosity of the pension and DI schemes induces people to stay longer in the labor market, and that people with better health tend to retire later. We present extreme situations simulating what an individual's retirement behavior would have been if only one retirement route had existed and in the absence of constraints on work capabilities. We show that average years of work between 55 and 64 are nearly 14% greater when regular retirement incentives are applied to the whole population than when it is DI rules that are systematically applied.

download in pdf format
   (1041 K)

email paper

Machine-readable bibliographic record - MARC, RIS, BibTeX

Document Object Identifier (DOI):

This chapter first appeared as NBER working paper w20030, Retirement, Early Retirement and Disability: Explaining Labor Force Participation after 55 in France, Luc Behaghel, Didier Blanchet, Muriel Roger
Users who downloaded this chapter also downloaded* these:
Yashiro The Economic Position of the Elderly in Japan
Kalwij, de Vos, and Kapteyn Health, Disability Insurance, and Labor Force Exit of Older Workers in the Netherlands
Jürges, Thiel, Bucher-Koenen, Rausch, Schuth, and Börsch-Supan Health, Financial Incentives, and Early Retirement: Microsimulation Evidence for Germany
García-Gómez, Jimenez-Martin, and Vall Castelló Financial Incentives, Health, and Retirement in Spain
Johansson, Laun, and Palme Pathways to Retirement and the Role of Financial Incentives in Sweden
NBER Videos

National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02138; 617-868-3900; email:

Contact Us