NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
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Hubs and Spokes, and Free Trade in the Americas

Carsten Kowalczyk, Ronald J. Wonnacott

NBER Working Paper No. 4198
Issued in October 1992
NBER Program(s):International Trade and Investment

This paper compares two possible formats for free trade in the Americas: a system of spokes surrounding a U.S. hub, and a free trade area. The paper identifies the sources of welfare change, and it argues that a country's attitude towards a system depends on whether the arrangement is a complement or a substitute trading club. The paper argues also that rent-seeking activities, and costs of administration and transportation, are likely to be higher in a hub-and-spoke system than in a free trade area.

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Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w4198

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