Loan Types and the Bank Lending Channel
Using credit-registry data for Spain and Peru, we document that four main types of commercial credit—asset-based loans, cash-flow loans, trade finance and leasing—are easily identifiable and represent the bulk of corporate credit. We show that credit dynamics and bank lending channels vary across these loan types. Moreover, aggregate credit supply shocks previously identified in the literature appear to be driven by individual loan types. The effects of monetary policy and the effects of the financial crisis propagating through banks’ balance sheets are primarily driven by cash-flow loans, whereas asset-based credit is mostly insensitive to these types of effects.
We are grateful to Daniel Paravisini (discussant), José-Luis Peydró(discussant), Sebnem Kalemli-Ozcan, Steven Ongena, Glenn Schepens, Jeremy Stein and participants at the 2019 New Topics in Banking Conference organized by Columbia University, the 2019 NBER Corporate Finance Summer Institute, the 10th Swiss Winter Conference on Financial Intermediation, and seminars at the Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, the European Central Bank, the Dutch Central Bank, the University of Bonn, and the University of Massachusetts Amherst. We also thank Bryan Gutiérrez who has helped to understand the Peruvian institutional context and data. Finally, we are very grateful to Peruvian Superintendencia de Banca, Seguros y AFP for facilitating access to the data used in this project. The views expressed are our own and do not reflect those of the Bank of Spain, the ECB, or of the National Bureau of Economic Research.
In addition to Harvard University, in the past three years, I received significant financial support from the Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, European Central Bank, International Monetary Fund, Superintendency of Banking and Insurance of Peru, and Moody’s Corporation.