Coordinated Work Schedules and the Gender Wage Gap
Using U.S. time diary data we construct occupation-level measures of coordinated work schedules based on the concentration of hours worked during peak hours of the day. A higher degree of coordination is associated with higher wages but also a larger gender wage gap. In the data women with children allocate more time to household care and are penalized by missing work during peak hours. An equilibrium model with these key elements generates a gender wage gap of 6.6 percent or approximately 30 percent of the wage gap observed among married men and women with children. If the need for coordination is equalized across occupations and set to a relatively low value (i.e. Health care support), the gender gap would fall by more than half to 2.7 percent.
We thank Julio Garin, Gueorgui Kambourov, Matthias Doepke, Michele Tertilt, and Ryan Michaels, as well as seminar participants at CAFRAL-Reserve Bank of India, Cal State-Fullerton, Drexel, Fudan University, Disparities in the Labor Market-FED Board, Iecon-FCEA, LACEA-LAMES, Midwest Macro, NASMES, SED, SOLE, Universidad Católica de Uruguay, University of Georgia, Universidad de Montevideo, Families and the Macroeconomy-Mannheim, Rutgers, LSE, U.S. Census Bureau, Seoul National University, University of Oklahoma, CMSG (Montreal) 2019, INSPER, and FGV-EESP. Saumya Rana provided excellent research assistance. The views expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Bureau of Economic Research.