The Right to Education Act: Trends in Enrollment, Test Scores, and School Quality
The Right to Education Act in 2009 guaranteed access to free primary education for all children in India ages 6-14. This paper investigates whether national trends in educational data changed around the time of this law using household surveys and administrative data. We document four trends: (1) School-going increases after the passage of RTE, (2) Test scores decline dramatically after 2010, (3) School infrastructure appears to be improving both before and after RTE, and (4) The number of students who have to repeat a grade falls precipitously after RTE is enacted, in line with the official provisions of the law.
We thank Wookun Kim for his invaluable research assistance and Natalie Bau and Sarah Reber for their thoughtful comments. We gratefully acknowledge funding from NSF grant #1658852. The views expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Bureau of Economic Research.
Manisha Shah & Bryce Steinberg, 2019. "The Right to Education Act: Trends in Enrollment, Test Scores, and School Quality," AEA Papers and Proceedings, vol 109, pages 232-238. citation courtesy of