NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
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The Cross-Section of Risk and Return

Kent Daniel, Lira Mota, Simon Rottke, Tano Santos

NBER Working Paper No. 24164
Issued in December 2017, Revised in November 2018
NBER Program(s):Asset Pricing

In the finance literature, a common practice is to create factor-portfolios by sorting on characteristics associated with average returns. We show that the resulting portfolios are likely to capture not only the priced risk associated with the characteristic, but also unpriced risk. We show that the unpriced risk can be hedged out of these factor-portfolios using covariance information estimated from past returns. We apply our methodology to hedge out unpriced risk in the Fama and French (2015) five factor-portfolios. We find that the squared Sharpe- ratio of the optimal combination of the resulting hedged factor-portfolios is 2.26, compared with 1.21 for the unhedged portfolios.

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Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w24164

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