Pass-Through of Own and Rival Cost Shocks: Evidence from the U.S. Fracking Boom
In imperfectly competitive settings, a firm's price depends on its own costs as well as those of its competitors. We demonstrate that this has important implications for the estimation and interpretation of pass-through. Leveraging a large input cost shock resulting from the fracking boom, we isolate price responses to firm-specific, regional and industry-wide input cost shocks in the US oil refining industry. The pass-through of these components vary from near zero to full pass-through, reconciling seemingly disparate results from the literature. We illustrate the policy implications of rival cost pass-through in the context of a tax on refinery carbon emissions.
- Deep discounts in crude prices resulting from a supply glut in the upper Midwest and plains states produced varying cost shocks for...
Erich Muehlegger & Richard L. Sweeney, 2022. "Pass-Through of Own and Rival Cost Shocks: Evidence from the U.S. Fracking Boom," The Review of Economics and Statistics, vol 104(6), pages 1361-1369.