NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
loading...

Computerization and Immigration: Theory and Evidence from the United States

Gaetano Basso, Giovanni Peri, Ahmed Rahman

NBER Working Paper No. 23935
Issued in October 2017, Revised in October 2018
NBER Program(s):The Labor Studies Program, The Productivity, Innovation, and Entrepreneurship Program

Recent technological changes have been characterized as “routine-substituting,” reducing demand for routine tasks but increasing it for analytical and service tasks. Little is known about how these changes have impacted immigration, or task specialization between immigrants and natives. In this paper we show that such technological progress has been an important determinant of immigration, attracting immigrants who increasingly specialize in manual-service occupations. We also suggest that open- ness to immigration attenuated job and wage polarization for natives resulting from technological changes. We explain these facts with a model of technological progress and endogenous immigration. Simulations show that unskilled immigration attenuates the drop in routine employment proceeding from technological change, enhances skill-upgrading for natives, and raises economy-wide productivity and welfare.

download in pdf format
   (632 K)

email paper

Machine-readable bibliographic record - MARC, RIS, BibTeX

Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w23935

Users who downloaded this paper also downloaded* these:
Boustan, Kahn, Rhode, and Yanguas w23410 The Effect of Natural Disasters on Economic Activity in US Counties: A Century of Data
Aghion, Jones, and Jones w23928 Artificial Intelligence and Economic Growth
Romer and Romer w23931 Why Some Times Are Different: Macroeconomic Policy and the Aftermath of Financial Crises
Abdulkadiroglu, Pathak, Schellenberg, and Walters w23912 Do Parents Value School Effectiveness?
Mayda, Ortega, Peri, Shih, and Sparber w23902 The Effect of the H-1B Quota on Employment and Selection of Foreign-Born Labor
 
Publications
Activities
Meetings
NBER Videos
Themes
Data
People
About

National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02138; 617-868-3900; email: info@nber.org

Contact Us