The Effects of Graduation Requirements on Risky Health Behaviors of High School Students
Previous studies have shown that years of formal schooling attained affects health behaviors, but little is known about how the stringency of academic programs affects such behaviors, especially among youth. Using national survey data from the Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBS), we study the effects of mathematics and science high-school graduation requirements (HSGR) on high school students’ risky health behaviors--specifically on drinking, smoking, and marijuana use. We find that an increase in mathematics and science HSGR has significant negative impacts on alcohol consumption among high-school students, especially males and non-white students. The effects of math and science HSGR on smoking and marijuana use are also negative but generally less precisely estimated. Our results suggest that curriculum design may have potential as a policy tool to curb youth drinking.
We thank Carlos Dobkin, Hayley Chouinard, and Louis-Philippe Beland for their helpful comments. All errors are ours alone. The corresponding author is Benjamin Cowan. The views expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Bureau of Economic Research.
Zhuang Hao & Benjamin W. Cowan, 2019. "The Effects of Graduation Requirements on Risky Health Behaviors of High School Students," American Journal of Health Economics, vol 5(1), pages 97-125.