Migrants, Ancestors, and Investments

Konrad B. Burchardi, Thomas Chaney, Tarek A. Hassan

NBER Working Paper No. 21847
Issued in January 2016, Revised in May 2017
NBER Program(s):Corporate Finance, Development of the American Economy, Development Economics, , International Finance and Macroeconomics, International Trade and Investment, Political Economy, Productivity, Innovation, and Entrepreneurship

We use 130 years of data on historical migrations to the United States to show a causal effect of the ancestry composition of US counties on foreign direct investment (FDI) sent and received by local firms. To isolate the causal effect of ancestry on FDI, we build a simple reduced-form model of migrations: Migrations from a foreign country to a US county at a given time depend on (i) a push factor, causing emigration from that foreign country to the entire United States, and (ii) a pull factor, causing immigration from all origins into that US county. The interaction between time-series variation in origin-specific push factors and destination-specific pull factors generates quasi-random variation in the allocation of migrants across US counties. We find that a doubling of the number of residents with ancestry from a given foreign country relative to the mean increases by 4 percentage points the probability that at least one local firm engages in FDI with that country. We present evidence this effect is primarily driven by a reduction in information frictions, and not by better contract enforcement, taste similarities, or a convergence in factor endowments.

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Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w21847

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