Inventing Prizes: A Historical Perspective on Innovation Awards and Technology Policy
NBER Working Paper No. 21375
---- Acknowledgments ----
I am especially grateful to Marcella Alsan, Stanley Engerman, Walter Friedman, Keith Maskus, Alessandro Nuvolari, Yi Qian, and Brian Wright for careful reading and comments that significantly improved the paper. I have also benefited from discussions with Ran Abramitzky, Lee Branstetter, Colleen Chien, Richard Epstein, Avner Greif, Stephen Haber, Naomi Lamoreaux, Mark Lemley, Andrei Markevitch, Adam Mossoff, Tom Nicholas, Rob Merges, Ted Sichelman, Daniel Spulber, and participants in the Bay Area IP Professors’ Workshop and the IP2 Workshop at Stanford. Generous assistance with archival data was provided by Serge Bénoit, Esther Brubaker, Anne Chanteux, Christiane Demeulenaere-Douyère, Gérard Emptoz, Liliane Hilaire-Pérez, Phil Hoffman, Gilles Postel-Vinay, and the very helpful staff at the Société pour l’encouragement de l’industrie nationale, the Institut national de propriété industrielle, the Archives nationales, the Bibliothèque nationale de France, the Conservatoire national des arts et métiers, the Royal Society of Arts, and the British Library. This project was funded by research grants from the National Science Foundation and Bowdoin College, and was completed while I was a National Fellow of the Hoover Institution at Stanford University. Liability for errors is limited to the author. The views expressed herein are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Bureau of Economic Research.