Understanding Ethnic Identity in Africa: Evidence from the Implicit Association Test (IAT)
We use a variant of the Implicit Association Test (IAT) to examine individuals’ implicit attitudes towards various ethnic groups. Using a population from the Democratic Republic of Congo, we find that the IAT measures show evidence of an implicit bias in favor of one’s own ethnicity. Individuals have implicit views of their own ethnic group that are more positive than their implicit views of other ethnic groups. We find this implicit bias to be quantitatively smaller than the (explicit) bias one finds when using self-reported attitudes about different ethnic groups.
Paper prepared for the American Economic Review Papers and Proceedings. We thank Matthew Summers for excellent research assistance throughout the project. We also thank Jonathan Yantzi for his assistance in the field and Sriram Natarajan for his guidance with the IAT programing. The views expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Bureau of Economic Research.
Sara Lowes & Nathan Nunn & James A. Robinson & Jonathan Weigel, 2015. "Understanding Ethnic Identity in Africa: Evidence from the Implicit Association Test (IAT)," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 105(5), pages 340-45, May. citation courtesy of