Empowering Women: The Effect of Schooling on Young Women's Knowledge and Use of Contraception
Large differences in fertility between women with high and low levels of education suggest that schooling may have a direct impact on knowledge and use of contraception. We investigate this issue using information on women in Mexico. In order to identify the causal effect of schooling, we exploit temporal and geographic variation in the number of lower secondary schools built following the extension of compulsory education in Mexico from 6th to 9th grade in 1993. We show that raising females' schooling beyond 6th grade increases their knowledge of contraception during their reproductive years and increases their propensity to use contraception at sexual debut. This indicates that the impact of schooling on women's wellbeing extends beyond improved labor market outcomes and includes greater autonomy over their fertility.
The views expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Bureau of Economic Research. The authors gratefully acknowledge support from the Australian Research Council (DP110102721).