Pharmaceutical Innovation and Longevity Growth in 30 Developing and High-income Countries, 2000-2009
I examine the impact of pharmaceutical innovation, as measured by the vintage (world launch year) of prescription drugs used, on longevity using longitudinal, country-level data on 30 developing and high-income countries during the period 2000-2009. I control for fixed country and year effects, real per capita income, the unemployment rate, mean years of schooling, the urbanization rate, real per capita health expenditure (public and private), the DPT immunization rate among children ages 12-23 months, HIV prevalence and tuberculosis incidence.
The estimates indicate that life expectancy at all ages and survival rates above age 25 increased faster in countries with larger increases in drug vintage (measured in three different ways), ceteris paribus, and that the increase in life expectancy at birth due to the increase in the fraction of drugs consumed that were launched after 1990 was 1.27 years--73% of the actual increase in life expectancy at birth.
This research was supported by Pfizer. The sponsor placed no restrictions or limitations on data, methods, or conclusions, and had no right of review or control over the outcome of the research. The views expressed herein are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Bureau of Economic Research.