The Choice between Formal and Informal Intellectual Property: A Literature Review
We survey the economic literature, both theoretical and empirical, on the choice of intellectual property protection by firms. Our focus is on the tradeoffs between using patents and disclosing versus the use of secrecy, although we also look briefly at the use of other means of formal intellectual property protection.
This work contains statistical data from UK ONS which is Crown copyright and reproduced with the permission of the controller of HMSO and Queen's Printer for Scotland. The use of the ONS statistical data in this work does not imply the endorsement of the ONS in relation to the interpretation or analysis of the statistical data. This work uses research datasets which may not exactly reproduce National Statistics aggregates. We gratefully acknowledge funding from the UK Intellectual Property Office. We thank Beth Webster, Ivan Png, and John Walsh for valuable comments. The views expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Bureau of Economic Research.
See my message to Laura, Mark Rogers is deceased.
Bronwyn Hall, Christian Helmers, Mark Rogers, Vania Sena “The Choice between Formal and Informal Intellectual Property: A Review.” Journal of Economic Literature, Vol. 52, No. 2, June 2014 (pp. 375-423)