Women's Empowerment and Economic Development
Women's empowerment and economic development are closely related: in one direction, development alone can play a major role in driving down inequality between men and women; in the other direction, empowering women may benefit development. Does this imply that pushing just one of these two levers would set a virtuous circle in motion? This paper reviews the literature on both sides of the empowerment-development nexus, and argues that the inter-relationships are probably too weak to be self-sustaining, and that continuous policy commitment to equality for its own sake may be needed to bring about equality between men and women.
The views expressed herein are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Bureau of Economic Research.
“Women’s Empowerment and Economic Development”, Journal of Economic Literature, Vol. 50, No. 4: 1051-79, December 2012. (also see NBER Working Paper No. 17702, 2011; CEPR Discussion Paper 8734, BREAD Policy Paper 29, 2011). citation courtesy of