Effective Schools: Teacher Hiring, Assignment, Development, and Retention

Susanna Loeb, Demetra Kalogrides, Tara Béteille

NBER Working Paper No. 17177
Issued in June 2011
NBER Program(s):Economics of Education

The literature on effective schools emphasizes the importance of a quality teaching force in improving educational outcomes for students. In this paper, we use value-added methods to examine the relationship between a school's effectiveness and the recruitment, assignment, development and retention of its teachers. We ask whether effective schools systematically recruit more effective teachers; whether they assign teachers to students more effectively; whether they do a better job of helping their teachers improve; whether they retain more effective teachers; or whether they do a combination of these processes. Our results reveal four key findings. First, we find that more effective schools are able to attract and hire more effective teachers from other schools when vacancies arise. Second, we find that more effective schools assign novice teachers to students in a more equitable fashion. Third, we find that teachers who work in schools that were more effective at raising achievement in a prior period improve more rapidly in a subsequent period than do those in less effective schools. Finally, we find that more effective schools are better able to retain higher-quality teachers, though they are not differentially able to remove ineffective teachers. The results point to the importance of personnel, and perhaps, school personnel practices, for improving student outcomes.

download in pdf format
   (271 K)

email paper

Machine-readable bibliographic record - MARC, RIS, BibTeX

Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w17177

Published: Effective schools: Teacher hiring, assignment, development, and retention (with Tara Beteille and Demetra Kalogrides). Education Finance and Policy, 7(3), pp. 269–304. 2012 .

Users who downloaded this paper also downloaded* these:
Boyd, Grossman, Lankford, Loeb, and Wyckoff w14022 Who Leaves? Teacher Attrition and Student Achievement
Lavy w16885 What Makes an Effective Teacher? Quasi-Experimental Evidence
Ronfeldt, Lankford, Loeb, and Wyckoff w17176 How Teacher Turnover Harms Student Achievement
Beteille, Kalogrides, and Loeb w17243 Stepping Stones: Principal Career Paths and School Outcomes
Rockoff, Jacob, Kane, and Staiger w14485 Can You Recognize an Effective Teacher When You Recruit One?
NBER Videos

National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02138; 617-868-3900; email:

Contact Us