Dissecting the Effect of Credit Supply on Trade: Evidence from Matched Credit-Export Data
We estimate the elasticity of exports to credit using matched customs and firm-level bank credit data from Peru. To account for non-credit determinants of exports, we compare changes in exports of the same product and to the same destination by firms borrowing from banks differentially affected by capital-flow reversals during the 2008 financial crisis. We find that credit shocks affect the intensive margin of exports, but have no significant impact on entry or exit of firms to new product and destination markets. Our results suggest that credit shortages reduce exports through raising the variable cost of production, rather than the cost of financing sunk entry investments.
We are grateful to Mitchell Canta, Paul Castillo, Roberto Chang, Raj Iyer, Sebnem Kalemni-Ozcan, Manuel Luy Molinie, Manju Puri, Marco Vega, and David Weinstein for helpful advice and discus- sions. We thank Diego Cisneros, Sergio Correia, Jorge Mogrovejo, Jorge Olcese, Javier Poggi, Adriana Valenzuela, and Lucciano Villacorta for outstanding help with the data. Juanita Gonzalez provided excellent research assistance. We thank participants at Arizona State University, CEMFI, Columbia University, Federal Reserve Bank of Peru, European Econometric Society, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, Fordham University, Harvard University, INSEAD, Instituto de Empresa, IPA Confer- ence on Entrepreneurship and SME, LSE, MIT Sloan, NBER ITI, NBER IFM, NBER CF, Ohio State University, Rothschild Caesarea Center, Royal Economic Society, Royal Holloway University London, SED 2011, Stanford University, Tel Aviv University, Universidad Catolica de Chile, UC Davis, Uni- versity of Michigan Ross School of Business, University of Minnesota Carlson School of Management, and World Bank seminars, workshops, and conferences for helpful comments. Paravisini, Rappoport, and Wolfenzon thank Jerome A. Chazen Institute of International Business for financial support. All errors are our own. The views expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Bureau of Economic Research.
Daniel Paravisini & Veronica Rappoport & Philipp Schnabl & Daniel Wolfenzon, 2015. "Dissecting the Effect of Credit Supply on Trade: Evidence from Matched Credit-Export Data," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 82(1), pages 333-359. citation courtesy of