Risk Response in Agriculture

Jeffrey LaFrance, Rulon Pope, Jesse Tack

NBER Working Paper No. 16716
Issued in January 2011
NBER Program(s):Asset Pricing Program, Productivity, Innovation, and Entrepreneurship Program, Technical Working Papers

Crop production is subject to supply shocks, and both expected and realized outputs as well as output prices are unknown when inputs are chosen. The process by which producers form expectations is difficult to model, especially when working with aggregate data. We present a necessary and sufficient condition on cost and technology to allow variable input demand equations to be specified as functions of input prices, quasi-fixed inputs, and total variable cost. These all are observable when inputs are committed to production, so that ex ante demands can be estimated with observable data. A flexible, exactly aggregable, and economically regular model of variable input demands is derived and applied to aggregate U.S. agricultural data for the period 1960-1999. We use the empirical results of this model to aid in the specification of a dynamic life-cycle model for agricultural producers facing output and output price risk, with investment in an off-farm, conditionally risk free asset, risky financial assets, savings, consumption, and agricultural production opportunities. This framework admits a coherent, structural, econometric model of input use, output production, savings, investment, and consumption for agricul-ture. We apply this model to U.S. data for the period 1960-1999. Ongoing work focuses on updating the data set to the 21st century and applying both components of the model at the state-level.

download in pdf format
   (350 K)

email paper

Machine-readable bibliographic record - MARC, RIS, BibTeX

Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w16716

Published: Risk Response in Agriculture, Jeffrey LaFrance, Rulon Pope, Jesse Tack. in The Intended and Unintended Effects of U.S. Agricultural and Biotechnology Policies, Graff Zivin and Perloff. 2012

Users who downloaded this paper also downloaded* these:
Ashraf and Michalopoulos w18765 Climatic Fluctuations and the Diffusion of Agriculture
Ligon w16709 Supply and Effects of Specialty Crop Insurance
Gollin and Rogerson w15863 Agriculture, Roads, and Economic Development in Uganda
McCaig and Pavcnik w19616 Moving out of Agriculture: Structural Change in Vietnam
Huang, Liu, Martin, and Rozelle w13958 Agricultural Trade Reform and Rural Prosperity: Lessons from China
NBER Videos

National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02138; 617-868-3900; email:

Contact Us