Scarring and Mortality Selection Among Civil War POWs: A Long-Term Mortality, Morbidity and Socioeconomic Follow-Up
Debilitating events could leave either frailer or more robust survivors, depending on the extent of scarring and mortality selection. The majority of empirical analyses find frailer survivors. I find heterogeneous effects. Among severely stressed former Union Army POWs, which effect dominates 35 years after the end of the Civil War depends on age at imprisonment. Among survivors to 1900, those younger than 30 at imprisonment faced higher older age mortality and morbidity and worse socioeconomic outcomes than non-POW and other POW controls whereas those older than 30 at imprisonment faced a lower older age death risk than the controls.
I thank Matthew Kahn, Louis Nguyen, Irwin Rosenberg, Nevin Scrimshaw, Avron Spiro, and the participants of the UCLA Economic History Proseminar for comments. I gratefully acknowledge the support of NIH grants R01 AG19637 and P01 AG10120. The views expressed herein are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Bureau of Economic Research.
Dora Costa, 2012. "Scarring and Mortality Selection Among Civil War POWs: A Long-Term Mortality, Morbidity, and Socioeconomic Follow-Up," Demography, Springer, vol. 49(4), pages 1185-1206, November. citation courtesy of